Read Online Medieval Mercenaries Book. The Middle Ages were a turbulent and violent time, when the fate of nations was most often decided on the battlefield, and strength of arms was key to acquiring and maintaining power.

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Feudal oaths and local militias were more often than not incapable of providing the skilled and disciplined warriors necessary to keep the enemy at bay. It was the mercenary who stepped in to fill the ranks. A mercenary was a professional soldier who took employment with no concern for the morals or cause of the paymaster. But within these confines we discover a surprising array of men, from the lowest-born foot soldier to the wealthiest aristocrat the occasional clergyman, even.

What united them all was a willingness, and often the desire, to fight for their supper. In this benchmark work, William Urban explores the vital importance of the mercenary to the medieval power-broker, from the Byzantine Varangian Guard to fifteenth-century soldiers of fortune in the Baltic. Through contemporary chronicles and the most up-to-date scholarship, he presents an in-depth portrait of the mercenary across the Middle Ages.

Teutonic Knights

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Bayonets and Scimitars William Urban. Medieval Mercenaries William Urban. Matchlocks to Flintlocks William Urban.Juvenal-Juvenall-Juvenile: a family history. Danville, Illinois: Interstate, I intend to work on a new edition, starting in the fall of Contributions and updates are welcome.

The Baltic Crusade. Chicago: Lithuanian Research and Studies Center, A selection from the preface to the 2nd edition. Not yet out of print. Ignore what Amazon. See publisher's website. Also, this is html format. The print in the book looks normal.

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The Livonian Rhymed Chronicle. Translation with Jerry C. Bloomington, Indiana: University of Indiana Publications, Completely revised and enlarged second edition Chicago: Lithuanian Research and Studies Center, A History of Monmouth College through its fifth quarter-century.

With Mary Crow, Charles J. Speel, II, and Samuel Thompson. Monmouth, Illinois: Monmouth College, The opening paragraph of the Introduction Only a few copies left for sale. Contact the Monmouth College Bookstore The Prussian Crusade.

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The second edition, enlarged and revised, is in print : Chicago: Lithuanian Research and Studies Center, If your library owns the primitive desk-top publishing edition, please replace it.

The Livonian Crusade. Excerpt from Chapter One [1st edition. See the bottom of this page for the webpage. This is the sequel to The Baltic Crusade. Narcissus and the Faceless Manreflections on Individualism and Conformity.

Monmouth: Monmouth College, Revised as a Sabbatical project in the spring of Readings for the New Individualselections on individualism and conformity. Out of print. The Chronicle of Balthasar Russow. Smith and Juergen Eichhoff. Madison: Wisconsin Baltic Studies Series, This sixteenth century chronicle is essential for anyone in Baltic Studies.The Teutonic Order was formed to aid Christians on their pilgrimages to the Holy Land and to establish hospitals.

Its members have commonly been known as the Teutonic Knightshaving a small voluntary and mercenary military membership, serving as a crusading military order for the protection of Christians in the Holy Land and the Baltics during the Middle Ages. Purely religious sincethe Teutonic Order still confers limited honorary knighthoods. Mary of the Germans in Jerusalem". Thus the term "Teutonic" echoes the German origins of the order Theutonicorum in its Latin name.

Formed in the year in Acre, in the Levantthe medieval order played an important role in Outremer the general name for the Crusader statescontrolling the port tolls of Acre. After Christian forces were defeated in the Middle East, the order moved to Transylvania in to help defend the southeastern borders of the Kingdom of Hungary against the Cumans. The Knights were expelled by force of arms by King Andrew II of Hungary inafter attempting to place themselves under papal instead of the original Hungarian sovereignty and thus to become independent.

Starting from there, the Order created the independent Monastic State of the Teutonic Knightsadding continuously the conquered Prussians' territory, and subsequently conquered Livonia. The order theoretically lost its main purpose in Europe with the Christianization of Lithuania.

However, it initiated numerous campaigns against its Christian neighbours, the Kingdom of Polandthe Grand Duchy of Lithuaniaand the Novgorod Republic after assimilating the Livonian Order.

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The Teutonic Knights had a strong economic base which enabled them to hire mercenaries from throughout Europe to augment their feudal levies, and they also became a naval power in the Baltic Sea.

Ina Polish-Lithuanian army decisively defeated the Order and broke its military power at the Battle of Grunwald Tannenberg. However, the capital of the Teutonic Knights was successfully defended in the following Siege of Marienburg and the Order was saved from collapse. Thereafter, the empire did not support the Order against Poland. Soon after, the Order lost Livonia and its holdings in the Protestant areas of Germany. However, the Order continued to exist as a charitable and ceremonial body.

It was outlawed by Adolf Hitler in[8] but re-established in The Knights wore white surcoats with a black cross. However, based on the model of the Knights Templarit was transformed into a military order in and the head of the order became known as the Grand Master magister hospitalis. It received papal orders for crusades to take and hold Jerusalem for Christianity and defend the Holy Land against the Muslim Saracens.

During the rule of Grand Master Hermann von Salza — the Order changed from being a hospice brotherhood for pilgrims to primarily a military order. This castle, which defended the route between Jerusalem and the Mediterranean Seawas made the seat of the Grand Masters inalthough they returned to Acre after losing Montfort to Muslim control in The Order also had a castle at Amouda in Armenia Minor.

During Frederick's coronation as King of Jerusalem inTeutonic Knights served as his escort in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre ; von Salza read the emperor's proclamation in both French and German. However, the Teutonic Knights were never as influential in Outremer as the older Templars and Hospitallers. InAndrew II of Hungary accepted the services of the Teutonic Knights and granted them the district of Burzenland in Transylvaniawhere they would be immune to fees and duties and could enforce their own justice.

Andrew had been involved in negotiations for the marriage of his daughter with the son of Hermann, Landgrave of Thuringiawhose vassals included the family of Hermann von Salza. Led by a brother called Theoderich or Dietrich, the Order defended the south-eastern borders of the Kingdom of Hungary against the neighbouring Cumans. Many forts of wood and mud were built for defence.Great quality, timely delivery, great book!

Will be clean, not soiled or stained. Books will be free of page markings. Their history is suffused with crusading, campaigning and struggle. Feared by their enemies but respected by medieval Christendom, the knights and their Order maintained a firm hold over the Baltic and northern Germany and established a formidable regime which flourished across Central Europe for years. This major new book surveys the gripping history of the knights and their Order and relates their rise to power; their struggles against Prussian pagans; the series of wars against Poland and Lithuania; the clash with Alexander Nevsky's Russia; and the gradual stagnation of the order in the fourteenth century.

The book is replete with dramatic episodes - such as the battle on frozen Lake Peipus inor the disaster of Tannenberg - but focuses primarily on the knights' struggle to maintain power, fend off incursions and raiding bands and to launch crusades against unbelieving foes.

And it was the crusade which chiefly characterized and breathed life into this Holy Order. William Urban's narrative charts the rise and fall of the Order and, in an accessible and engaging style, throws light on a band of knights whose deeds and motives have long been misunderstood.

Written in accessible style, this narrative history of the Knights of the Teutonic Order sheds light on medieval politics and on the relationship between the Roman Catholic Church and the military of the time. Appendices profile major figures in the history of the Teutonic Order up to Fascinating to read, well written with a solid, easy to follow narrative style. Bill o'Reilly's Killing Ser. William Faulkner Paperback Books. Paperback William Shakespeare Books. Tennessee Williams Paperback Books.

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read or download teutonic knights durch william urban

Return to Book Page. Preview — Teutonic Knights by William L. Teutonic Knights by William L. The Teutonic knights were powerful and ferocious advocates of holy war. Their history is suffused with crusading, campaigning and struggle. Feared by their enemies but respected by medieval Christendom, the knights and their Order maintained a firm hold over the Baltic and northern Germany and established a formidable regime which flourished across central Europe for y The Teutonic knights were powerful and ferocious advocates of holy war.

Feared by their enemies but respected by medieval Christendom, the knights and their Order maintained a firm hold over the Baltic and northern Germany and established a formidable regime which flourished across central Europe for years. This book surveys the gripping history of the knights and relates their rise to power; their struggles against Prussian pagans; the series of wars against Poland and Lithuania; the clash with Alexander Nevsky's Russia; and the gradual stagnation of the Order in the fourteenth century.

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The book is replete with dramatic episodes - such as the battle on frozen Lake Peipus inor the disaster of Tannenberg - but focuses primarily on the year-after-year struggle to maintain power, fend off incursions and raiding bands, and to launch crusades against unbelieving foes. And it was the crusade, with knights demonstrating their valor, which chiefly characterized and breathed life into this militant, conquering Holy Order.

The narrative charts the rise and fall of the Order, and, in an accessible and engaging style, throws light on a band of knights whose deeds and motives have long been misunderstood. Get A Copy. Paperbackpages. More Details Original Title.Although the Teutonic Knights had not come into contact with the Lithuanians untilexcept in Kurland, already their organization of frontier defense in Prussia showed they were aware that the Lithuanians would most likely come to the aid of those tribes which were already conquered by the crusaders.

The Lithuanians had long had a formidable reputation. They raided the Livonian tribes, the Russian princedoms, the Polish duchies, and presumably also the Prussians. Not only were they feared by their neighbors, but the princes feared one another, and fought among themselves for leadership. This sporadic warfare did not, however, prevent a considerable cultural and religious unity from existing among all the Lithuanian peoples and even close ties to the other peoples of the area.

Many common practices were maintained through trade and intermarriage, by the capture of prisoners from the weaker tribes, and by common religious beliefs and traditions.

In the Teutonic Knights had inherited a defensive line in Livonia against Lithuania when they absorbed the surviving members of the Sword-brother Order. That crusading order had been practically destroyed in Samogithia the preceding year while attempting to force those Lithuanians to accept Christianity and pay taxes. The defensive line in Livonia stretched along the Dvina river from Dunaburg to Riga, thence across Semgallia to Kurland.

Along the river the knights maintained a series of castles that served as bases for scouting activities and as assembly points for the militia. Also they were used as bases for the raiding parties that crossed the border wilderness to attack Lithuania.

read or download teutonic knights durch william urban

Semgallia was held by an alliance with native chiefs who feared Lithuanian domination. The few castles there were too far back from the frontier to be of any use against the Lithuanians, but in the Teutonic Knights made plans to build a castle at Mitau on a site accessible by water. This castle would dominate central Semgallia and protect the line of communication to Kurland, where a great castle was being built at Goldingen.

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Unlike Semgallia, Kurland was held by force. While some natives feared the Germans less than they hated their traditional enemy, the Lithuanians, and therefore cooperated willingly in frontier defense, others gave only reluctant help. This defensive system was the model that the Teutonic Knights used in Prussia in establishing their frontier toward Lithuania: a line of frontier castles — along rivers wherever possible — and behind that the forts which provided refuge for the native inhabitants when invasion threatened, and on the major rivers the small cities of foreign merchants and artisans where the major convents of knights were stationed.

The frontier castles were not expected to intercept raiders, but only to warn the communities of the interior that the enemy was coming. The militia was to gather at the castle until sufficient numbers were present to fight, and then the heavily armed knights would lead them in pursuit. If the foe had columns of prisoners or droves of cattle and horses, they could not escape quickly and the defenders could count on overtaking them.

A fierce battle often resulted. Unfortunately we have no reports of the military actions on the eastern frontier. The only two examples of frontier defense from this era are from Culm.

In Duke Svantopolk of Pomerania raided across the frozen Vistula and was defeated by the garrison from Culm.

No details were given. The next year Duke Svantopolk added a large force of Sudowians to his army, Prussians who came from the frontier of Lithuania. Confident in his numbers, he rode up to the walls of Culm and reviled the citizens who watched him.

When he moved away, the garrison followed them cautiously, waiting for an opportunity to attack. Svantopolk gave them such an opportunity when he crossed a swamp with a ford so narrow that only a few men at a time could use it.

The experienced former Marshall of the order urged an attack on the rear guard. The new marshall, however, wanted to recover the booty and took the army around the swamp by a different route where he fought the entire force of the enemy and was defeated.

The Teutonic Knights held the eastern defensive line for less than two years. Until they had conquered only the territory of Culm, which was in the bend of the Vistula river and surrounded on three sides by Christian lands — Masovia, Kujawia, and Pomerania — which provided many crusaders to assist in the conquest.

The order had only four castles — Culm, Thorn, Rehden, and Marienwerder. In that year the Count of Meissen came on crusade and built two large ships, the Pilgrim and the Pacifier.Their story is Read full review.

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William L. Greenhill- History - pages.

read or download teutonic knights durch william urban

The Teutonic knights were powerful and ferocious advocates of holy war. Their history is suffused with crusading, campaigning and struggle. Feared by their enemies but respected by medieval Christendom, the knights and their Order maintained a firm hold over the Baltic and northern Germany and established a formidable regime which flourished across central Europe for years. This book surveys the gripping history of the knights and relates their rise to power; their struggles against Prussian pagans; the series of wars against Poland and Lithuania; the clash with Alexander Nevsky's Russia; and the gradual stagnation of the Order in the fourteenth century.

The book is replete with dramatic episodes - such as the battle on frozen Lake Peipus inor the disaster of Tannenberg - but focuses primarily on the year-after-year struggle to maintain power, fend off incursions and raiding bands, and to launch crusades against unbelieving foes.

And it was the crusade, with knights demonstrating their valor, which chiefly characterized and breathed life into this militant, conquering Holy Order. The narrative charts the rise and fall of the Order, and, in an accessible and engaging style, throws light on a band of knights whose deeds and motives have long been misunderstood. From inside the book. Contents The Military Orders.

read or download teutonic knights durch william urban

The Foundation of the Teutonic Order. War in the Holy Land. Teutonic Knights William Urban No preview available - Mitchell Limited preview - Bibliographic information. Urban Greenhill- History - pages 2 Reviews The Teutonic knights were powerful and ferocious advocates of holy war.


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